Crisis and trauma are concepts that have a long history in psychiatry and are considered relatively new in their current meaning. The crisis is defined as a medik turning point when a period following challenging life events is defined as the effects caused by unusal and unexpected events, often traumatizing the person, frightenin the person, creating a feeling of helplessness in the person. The traumatic situation that disrupt the integrity of the person and leave a serious impact on their life are the result of such situations as natural disasters, war, torture, rape, destructive experiences such as rape, sudden deaths, accidents, deadly diseases. If we add that the crisis is a disorder that is occurring in a regular situation, we can better identify the points where the intersection with the trauma and similarities.
During the crisis, the individual´s mental balance is shaken so that the individual cannot cope with the various situations he encounters in his life. The success of the previous experiences and the way in which it was tried are not enough to overcome the events. In a trauma disorder, a person feels he has lost his cognitive, mental and physical integrity, and cannot make healthy conclusions about his place in the world. His tgoughts, suc as feeling precious and safe, meaningful and livable to the world, and seeing other people as good and helpful, are greatly impacted.
Intervention to a person experiencing a crisis or trauma; it is aimed to redesign the life style of the person, to prevent the chronicity of the problem, to ensure the protection of the psychic balance and to reduce hospitalization. In this process, the person is suported bh the suggestion of his/her close environment. However, the helper should approach the patient with the idea pf encouraging the patient not to fill the missing or to deny the painful reality but to share feelings such as sadness, pain, anger.
In the invertion of the crisis, first of all the patient needs to be carefully rested, his/her feelings are shared and the difficulties he/she experiences must be understood. The reason for the person´s support/consulation, the reason for the crisis, the living conditions, and the solution techniques used are reviewed, but the patient´s background is not much interested. The duration of the crisis and the similar challanges that he had previously experienced are investigated. A person´s tendency towards panic and depression is evaluated. First of all, we try to understand the risk of suicade. Because suicidal deation comes to mind as one of the first solutions that one finds. The patient are limited in response to the crisis, so it is important to prepare him for the finish. It is also necessary to add a short-term therapy to the period after the process.
Both drugs and psycholohical treatments are effective in post-traumatic treatment. It is clear that traumatic experiences do not affect everyone at the same rate. While some people are almost unaffected an d can continue their live, in some people traumatic symptoms hamber their work and social lives to a great extent. There fore, appropriate treatment approaches shoul be applied to the patient´s need.
The most important step for post-traumatic recovery is to enable the person to see himself as a survivor, not as a victim of trauma. In this process of self-return, the individual has begun to gain awareness about himself and what he can achieve and to increase his healthy convictions about life.
Persons who are less affected trauma and who can continue their life as before should be given enough information. Counseling or short-term psychological supports should be provided for those affacted by trauma, who have significant problems, but who can sustain their social life. Intensive psychological therapies, drug therapies or hospitalization should be given to patients with sever symptoms, whose experience is severely affacted.
Anouther condition encountered in some trauma patients is that they are not known to have a treatmen of trauma, or they delay retiring to seek help by remembering the trauma.
Among the main obstacles to recovery are the avoidance of remembering the event, wary of seeking help, losing trust of people, and hopelessness.
It should not be forgotten that seeking help to heal and recover from the problems will begin to significantly solve the destructive effects of trauma.