SECTION 10-1: CLASSIFICATION OF AREAS - EXPLOSIVE GAS ENVIRONMENTS; Published on 21.12.2015.
The Directive 99/9 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, which contains details on the equipment that can be used in explosive atmospheres, was passed in 2002 as Par Regulation on Equipment and Protective Systems Used in a Potentially Explosive Environment / and was revised in 2006. According to this regulation, a description of protected appliances and occupational health and safety measures was made.
The Regulation on the Protection of Employees from the Hazards of Explosive Environments was revised in accordance with the Occupational Health and Safety Law No. 6331 and was published on 30.04.2013 as Tehlik Regulation on the Protection of Employees from the Hazards of Explosive Environments Pat.
LEGAL LEGISLATION REQUIREMENTS TO PREPARE AN EXTINGUISHING DOCUMENT.
EVALUATION OF EXPLOSION RISK
According to Article 6 of the Regulation on the Protection of Employees from the Dangers of Explosive Environments, published in the Official Gazette dated 30.04.2013 and 28633, employers;
They carry out the risk assessment studies in accordance with the Occupational Health and Safety Risk Assessment Regulation published in the Official Gazette dated 29/12/2012 and numbered 28512 and are obliged to evaluate the special risks arising from the explosive environment.
Employers; It evaluates the risk of flare or explosion and takes into consideration the places that can be opened or opened where explosive atmospheres may occur.
* Explosive atmosphere and the permanence of this environment,
* Possibility of presence of active and static sources, including static electricity,
* The facility, the materials used, the processes and their possible interactions,
* The magnitude of the explosion effect is evaluated.
According to the Article 10 of the Regulation on the Protection of Employees from the Hazards of Explosive Environments, employers are required to collect the explosive environment classification, risk assessment and Zone markings under a document.
The explosion protection document must be prepared prior to the commencement of the work, and will need to be revised and updated in the workplace, in the work equipment or in the work organization, when there are significant changes, enlargements or modifications. Employers will be able to consider risk assessment, documents and other similar reports, including the risk of explosion prepared according to applicable legislation.
EXPLOSION PROTECTION DOCUMENT (According to ARTICLE 10) is in writing:
* The risk of explosion is determined and evaluated,
* Measures to be taken to fulfill the obligations set out in the Regulation,
* Places classified by Annex-1 at the workplace,
* Where the minimum requirements of Annex 2 and Annex 3 apply,
* Design, operation, control and maintenance of work equipment, including workplaces and warning devices, are provided in accordance with safety rules,
* Compliance of all equipment used in the workplace with the Health and Safety Requirements Regulation on the Use of Work Equipment published in the Official Gazette dated 25/4/2013 and numbered 28628,
CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS REGIONS
According to Article 9 of the Regulation on the Protection of Employees from the Dangers of Explosive Environments;
* Classification of potentially explosive atmospheres as specified in Annex-1,
* Ensuring the implementation of the minimum requirements given in Annex-2 and Annex-3 in the regions classified, (Determination and implementation of measures to be taken-EK2-EK3)
* They are obliged to place the signs given in Annex-4 to the entrance of the places where there may be an explosive atmosphere which may endanger the health and safety of the employees.
Dangerous; Places where an explosive atmosphere may be created that requires special precautions to protect the health and safety of employees,
Safe; Locations where there is no possibility of explosive atmospheres requiring special precautions to protect the health and safety of employees
Substances that may create an explosive atmosphere; These substances are considered as long as the mixtures of flammable and / or flammable substances with the air are not proved by the investigations that they do not independently produce an explosion.
WHERE IS STANDARD NOT USED?
You cannot use this standard for batteries. TS EN 50272-3 5 Safety guards - secondary accumulators and accumulator installations - are made in accordance with the standard of Part 3 Trolley Accumulators (replacing TS EN 62485-3).
WHICH STANDARDS SUPPORTED?
It is mainly based on Italian CEI standards. Therefore, the experts who will be able to calculate with the EN 60079-10-1: 2015 standard also need the following standards:
CEI 31-35 Manual, I Electrically operated in explosive atmospheres