Are There Legal Regulations Regarding Lighting Measurement?
On 27 July 2013, the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources published 28720 GENERAL LIGHTING REGULATIONS. This regulation has been prepared based on the provisional article 6 of the Electricity Market Law no.
On 17 July 2013, the Ministry of Labor and Social Security issued the Regulation on Health and Safety Measures to be Taken in Workplaces and Additions to Work No. 28710. There are legal regulations regarding LIGHTING in ANNEX-1.
TS EN 12464-1: 2013 standard shall be taken as basis for the illumination of the workplaces. TS EN 12464 -1 Illumination of Light Lighting Workspaces (closed workspaces) Işık.
Lighting Measurement Regulation
REGULATION ON THE HEALTH AND SAFETY MEASURES TO BE TAKEN IN THE WORKPLACE BUILDING AND ADDITIONS
Article 22 - It is essential that the workplaces are adequately lit by daylight. In cases where daylight is not sufficiently utilized due to the subject of the work or the construction of the workplace, or in night work, appropriate and adequate lighting is provided by artificial light. TS EN 12464-1: 2013; TS EN 12464-1.2011: 2012; standards.
Article 23 - Lighting systems in work spaces and access roads shall be such that they do not constitute an accident risk for the employees and are properly placed.
Article 24 - There is an emergency lighting system connected to a separate energy source to provide adequate lighting in places where the failure of the lighting system may pose a risk to employees.
HEALTH AND SAFETY REGULATIONS IN CONSTRUCTION WORKS
Annex - IV Minimum Health and Safety Requirements for Construction Areas
Illumination of workplaces, barracks and roads
40: The following points shall be observed for the illumination of the working places, barracks and roads in the building area:
a) It is essential that construction works are done during the day, work places, barracks and roads are illuminated naturally as much as possible. In cases where night work is necessary or mandatory, or in cases where daylight is insufficient, adequate and adequate artificial lighting is provided. The color of the artificial light is ed so as not to interfere with the detection of signals and signals.
b) Lighting systems in workplaces, barracks and passageways shall not constitute an accident risk for the employees and shall be properly placed.
c) A spare lighting system shall be provided to provide urgent and adequate illumination where there may be a risk for workers in the work places, barracks and lighting systems in the passageways.
Why are workplaces lighting?
It is important in providing a safe working environment at workplaces, making visual works easily and creating an appropriate field of view.
What Does the Right Lighting Give Me or My Business?
· Provides safe working environment.
· Ensures that hazards in the workplace are made visible.
· The employee has a biological and psychological impact, such as feeling well, being high, and not feeling tired.
· It affects work efficiency.
· It provides to see all details in the works done.
· Reduces the error rates in the workplace.
· It has a great effect on prevention of occupational accidents.
What are the Fundamental Principles in Lighting?
It is possible to take advantage of daylight.
When possible, an artificial lighting system must be installed in accordance with the lighting criteria. The combination of daylight and artificial lighting systems is the most suitable solution in terms of applicability.
In cases where daylight is not sufficiently utilized due to the subject of the work or construction of the workplace, or in night-time work, adequate and adequate lighting is provided by artificial light.
Lighting systems in workplaces and passageways are such that they do not constitute an accident risk for the employees and are properly installed.
There is an emergency lighting system connected to a separate energy source that will provide adequate illumination where the illumination of the lighting system could pose a risk to employees.
· Illuminance (Illuminance):
The amount of light falling on a surface is called illumination intensity. The unit of illumination intensity is luxury.
The illumination intensity varies between 2,000-100,000 lux during the day and 50-500 lux at night.
Luminescence is the amount of light reflected or absorbed by a surface. The unit is Kandela (cd) / m2.
The light visible on walls, furniture and other objects depends on the reflection and absorption of these surfaces.
· Reflection rate:
Different surfaces absorb light from different sizes. A dark surface absorbs more light than a light-colored surface, ie reflects less light. The reflection rate is the ratio of reflected light to incoming light.
Luminosity and luminescence values