What Does Voc Measurement Mean?
Indoor Ambient gas-vapor measurement. It is a type of measurement for determining the concentration of volatile organic compounds that are formed in the air due to working conditions under certain conditions.
Organic Volatile Compound; Organic volatile compounds, namely VOC; Aliphatic or aromatic structure, boiling temperature up to 250ºC and atmospheric photo-chemical reaction to cause air pollution are hydrocarbons. Colorless and odorless, a group of various liquids and gases. Liquids can easily evaporate at room temperature ğ They are volatile.
What kinds of losses are there?
· VOCs react in the atmosphere with other environmental pollutants (eg nitrogen oxides) to form the ozone layer in a low atmosphere.
· In case of high levels of ozone layer of VOCs, it will harm human health.
· Tire etc. affects all materials.
· VOCs directly harm human health (carcinogenic).
· It causes global warming (such as methane gas).
· It damages stratospheric ozone, which must protect the earth from ultraviolet radiation (eg methyl bromide).
· Causes eye, nose and throat disorders.
· It causes coordination disorder.
· Causes damage to the lungs, kidneys and the central nervous system.
· Causes skin allergy.
· Causes shortness of breath.
· Nausea is experienced.
· Vomiting may occur.
· Nasal bleeding may occur.
· It causes fatigue.
· It causes dizziness.
Legal Legislation Available?
The measurement is made in accordance with the Regulation on Health and Safety Measures in Works with Chemical Substances published on 12.08.2013 and 28733.
Annex - 1 Occupational Exposure Limit Values, Annex - 2 Biological Limit Values ??and Health Monitoring Measures, Annex - 3 Use with Prohibited Chemical Substances is taken into account.
Assessment is made based on the limit values ??of the relevant Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) specified in the Regulation on Health and Safety Precautions in Carcinogenic and Mutagenic Substances.
International regulations such as NIOSH (National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety) and OSHA (Occupational Health and Safety Authority) are available.
VOC samples taken from workplace air and VOC determination by gas chromatography method are performed according to VOC TS 16200-1, ASTM D 3686, ASTM D 3687, NIOSH 1501 standards.
Analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in activated carbon tubes in the workplace is carried out according to NIOSH 1500 standard.
Color Comparison Method and Toxic Gas and Steam Concentration Measurement is done according to ASTM D 4490-96 standard.
Oxygen measurement is done according to NIOSH 6601 standard.
Carbon monoxide measurement is carried out according to NIOSH 6604 standard.
Regulation on Health and Safety Measures in Working with Chemical Substances-Article-7;
The employer ensures the regular measurement and analysis of chemicals that may pose a risk to the health of the employees. These measurements are repeated if there are any changes in the conditions that may affect the exposure of workers to chemicals. The measurement results are evaluated by considering the occupational exposure limit values ??stated in the regulation annexes.
Regulation on Health and Safety Precautions in Studies with Carcinogenic and Mutagenic Substances - Article 1 - The purpose of this regulation is to prevent exposure to these substances and to establish minimum requirements, including limit values, to protect workers from health and safety risks that may arise from exposure to carcinogens and mutagenic substances.
Regulation on the Protection of Employees from the Hazards of Explosive Environments published in the Official Gazette dated 30.4.2013 and numbered 28633;
Based on the risk assessment results and the principles of risk prevention, the employer prioritizes the protection of workers from the hazards arising from the physical and chemical properties of chemicals, including the handling, storage, transport of these substances and the prevention of contact of chemical substances that may affect each other, take technical measures in accordance with their order and make administrative arrangements:
· Hazardous concentrations of flammable and explosive substances in the workplace and the presence of chemically unstable substances are prevented.
· If this is not possible, the presence of ignition sources in the workplace that may cause fire or explosion is prevented. The conditions that can cause harmful effects of chemically unstable substances and mixtures are eliminated.
· If this is not possible, measures are taken to prevent or minimize damage to workers from the harmful physical effects of flammable substances and mixtures caused by flammable and / or explosive substances.
· Arrangements are made to reduce the impact of the explosion pressure.
· Plant, machinery and equipment